There are several common parts of a saw that are essential for its proper operation:
- The Blade: This is the part of the saw that does the cutting. Saw blades come in different sizes and types, such as ripping blades, crosscut blades, and combination blades, each designed for specific cutting tasks.
- The Motor: This is the power source that drives the saw blade. Motors can be electric, gas-powered, or cordless and are rated by the horsepower or amperage they deliver.
- The Fence: This is the guide that helps to keep the workpiece in place and maintain a straight cut. Fences can be adjusted for different widths and angles.
- The Miter gauge: This is a tool that allows the user to make precise angled cuts. It attaches to the table and can be adjusted to different angles.
- The Riving Knife: This is a safety feature that helps to prevent kickback by keeping the cut kerf open and preventing the material from binding against the back of the blade.
- The Blade Guard: This is a safety feature that covers the blade when the saw is not in use and prevents the user from coming into contact with the blade.
- The On/Off switch: This is the switch that controls the power to the saw.
- The Table: This is the surface that supports the workpiece while it is being cut.
- The Dust collection port: This is a port that connects to a vacuum or dust collection system to remove sawdust and debris from the work area.
Please note that not all saws have all the parts mentioned above, and some saws may have additional parts or accessories such as a mobile base, a laser guide, or a digital display.